Hamedan is an ancient city in west of Iran which has been residence for many nations during the history.
The city is located in the foot of Zagros mountains which was first the habitation of Medes, founded by Deioces in the 7th century B.C, because of the continental situation. You can see a variation of tourism attractions and ancient monuments which starts from paleolithic period till contemporary period like Hamedan stone lion, Ekbatan’s fort, Ganjname Hamedan, Alavi’s vault and Ali-saadr cave.
The city, has also accommodated many well-known poets and scholars during the history such as Baba Taher, Ehsan Yarshater and Mirzadeh Eshghi.
Every year many people travel to Hamedan to visit it’s well-known attraction, Ali-saadr cave which is the world’s largest water cave located in about 11 kilometers north of Hamedan where you can sit in a boat and watch the view, remember every word you have read in “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea” by Jules Verne, how you pictured it in your mind and get excited about the fact that your visions are real and drawn in the crowd of colors.
The water in the cave stems from a spring in Sarab. The cave’s walls can extend up to 40 meters tall and it contains lots of lakes, more than 11 kilometers of the lake has been discovered and the first entrance of the cave has to be in Darius’s time, the Achaemenian king.
Archeologists have found some ancient artworks such as animals, bows and arrows and hunting scenes which return to 12000 years ago. This paintings shows that the primitives may have used this cave as an aboard.
Hamedan was also the 3rd capital of Achaemenids and hunting-ground of young Kings who sometimes spent all the summer long in Hegmataneh (Ekbatan) and as a sign of appearance they have left Ganjnameh on Alvand mountain, which is an inscription from Daruis and Xerxes l in 3 languages and it’s located in 5 kilometers west of Hamedan.
The epigraph is written in Ancient Persian, Elamite Persian and New Babylon which was decoded in 1842 by Jean-Baptiste Flandin and Pascal Coste.
Baba Taher Oryan is an Iranian poet living in 10th century. The tomb of this great poet is built with an octagonal plan on a hill and it has been rebuilt several times during the history, the last time was in 1966.
The tomb is a beautiful example of 7th and 8th century architecture. It is decorated with granite and marble and also tombstones and tower-like pillars have been decorated with granite.
When you go to this place you can see the beautiful dubits of this poet carved on different parts of the tomb.
The Iranian Garden of Hamedan, also known as Hekmati Garden, is one of the most beautiful gardens in Hamedan province, welcoming tourists. Elegant ancient architecture, comfortable greenery as well as easy access are the main features of this garden.
The garden, which covers an area of about 1.5 hectares, is home to a variety of indigenous plants in the country, and since the plants are planted for four seasons, you can enjoy the beauty of each time you visit the garden.
On the other hand, existence of an ancient building with a very unique architecture in this garden, has created a pleasant and intimate atmosphere. Another feature of Hamadan Persian Garden is the Fountains inspired by the Fin Kashan Garden and the Razi Outdoor Swimming Pool which is beautifully decorated with special lighting and the surrounding greenery.
The bath is one of the monuments left from the Qajar period and it is located in the city of Nahavand. It is build in Safavid architecture style and It’s is divided into two parts for men and women. Since this ancient bath had two separate sections for the use of the aristocratic class and the general public, it was also called the twin bath.
The walls and ceilings of this bathroom are decorated with beautiful plaster and tiles, in which you can see stories from the Shahnameh, the Iranian mythology.
Nowadays, this bath has become the Nahavand Museum of Anthropology, and in the masculine part you can see the bathing showed with statuettes and Hanbanite ceremony in the feminine part of the bathroom, which has it’s own merits.
Also many tourists show interest in Hamedan’s handicrafts which the most well-known among them is Lajin’s pottery with amazing Iranian embellishment and it’s beautiful turquoise color, which we can say is called the color of Iran.
If you are interested in lying in plain fields, watching blue sky for hours or polishing your eyes and soul with amazing views of nature and culture and getting speechless among magnificent ancient monuments, this small city located in west of Iran can be a good option for you.