Yazd, one of the UNESCO Heritage sites, registered in this list because of it’s intact architecture. The city is located between Shirkooh mountains in the center of Iran.
We call call 13th century, the peak of Yazd’s development. Atabegs are the most important reason of this development.
Muhammad Taghi Falsafi, the lecturer of Yazd city, called it “Iran’s Hussainieh” in the 80s, that’s because the variety of big “Hussianiehs” and the special way of Lament in this city.
In some sources, the early plan of some cities are attributed to some famous people during the history, like: Yazd to Zahaak and Alexander ,Meybod to Solomon and Abarkuh to Abraham the prophet.
Some geologists attribute the city to Yazdegerd I, which is a reason for giving the name “Yazesh” (means: praise and benediction in middle Persian language).
Meybod, one of the first sedentism areas in the world, located in the north of Yazd city.
People living here were the followers of monotheism from a long time ago. The city was located near the “Save” sea in the past.
In 2018 the city was known as the Zilo (kind of pileless carpet) town.
Meybod’s attractions are: Jamiah mosque of Meybod, Narenj (Narin) castle, Carvaserai, Bashniqan castle, Meybod’s ice house, Pigeon House and the downtown tower and gate.
It’s a central yard mosque built in the costume style of Yazd’s architecture. The mosque is built with clay and mud and minimum of embellishments are used in it. Just the outer surface of the dome and the front view of the aisles are decorated with bricks,
A small mosque called “Haji Hasanali” with a shabistan is located on the north east side of the yard and another mosque called “Hasani” is located on the north west side of the yard, with three rows of shabistan in the East, West and North direction which the mosque’s entrance is build from this side.
The castle was used as a local refuge during the Muzaffarids period. It is built with clay, which that shows the castle goes back to a long time ago. Unfortunately some parts of the castle was destroyed during time.
The original castle was built in four floors on Galeen hill, the citadel is located on the top of the hill and each floor overlooks the other floor. It seems that upper floors of the building have been reconstructed and belong to the Islamic era. There were some deep ditches surrounding the castle which some of them are gardens now.
Abarkuh is an ancient city located in the way of Yazd-Shiraz. The West and South side of he city is surrounded by Zagros mountains. According to historian’s writings the city is even older than Yazd. The only reason of development in this city is the fact that it was located on the way of Silk road. people used to stop here or “Isfand Abad” village for one or two days and then continue to their journey.
The old city of Abarkuh was a small city built on the slope of a mountain and it was called “Barkuh” because of this reason. After a while the new city was built in the desert that it is now.“Hamdallah Mostawfi”
If anyone chooses Sourmagh or Dehbid road, still can see the relics and ruins of the old city in the location that Mostawfi has mentioned.
Abarkuh includes 12 small villages which are named after 12 month of the year.
There are many tourism attractions in the city such as : A 4500 years old cypress, Ali dome, Clay ice house, Jamia mosque of Abarkuh, Solat’s house, Shahrasb castle, Tizak castle and Azizoldin Nasafi’s tomb.
Ali dome is the most exquisite building that is left from Seljuq synasty. It is built on a square stool with an octagonal plan and the material is stone and mortar.
This place was originally the tomb of Shams al-dawla Deylami which was built under the order of his child, Firouzan.
There are three rows of muqarnas under the dome on the surface of the walls. And also there are two epicraphs in Kufic, one under one of muqarnas rows and the other under the entrance.
The clay ice house of Abarkuh, belongs to Qajar dynasty. It is build on a circle plan with conical architecture, the material is clay, brick, wood and lime.The building’s height is 12 meters to prevent ices from melting and it has four main divisions: Houzeband, ice storage, shading walls and the big dome on the top of storage.
The Cypress of Abarkuh , also called the Zoroastrian Sarv, protected by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran as a national natural monument. This cypress is estimated to be between 4000 to 5000 years but it is hardly possible to tell the exact age of the tree.
One of the few cypress I have seen in Iran is the beautiful tall cypress of Abarkuh like a green cascade, descends from the sky to the green earth. It calls you like a green light house to the port of the desert sea and luminous sun.
The Cypress of Abarkuh with 25 meters height is likely the oldest or second-oldest living thing in Asia.
Some myths say the tree is first planted by Zoroaster and some other say it was panted by Japheth, Noah’s son.