IRAN Tour Packages | Yazd city, located between Shirkooh mountains in the center of Iran, is one of the UNESCO Heritage sites. You can see the name of Yazd city registered in this list, because of it’s intact architecture.
Muhammad Taghi Falsafi, the lecturer of Yazd city, called it “Iran’s Hussainieh” in the 80s, that’s because the variety of big “Hussianiehs” and the special way of Lament in this city.
In some sources, we can see the name of some people as someone who planned the early plan of some ancient cities of Iran. Here is some of the examples: They attribute Yazd to Zahaak and Alexander, Meybod to Solomon and Abarkuh to Abraham the prophet.
Some geologists attribute the city to Yazdegerd I, which is a reason for giving the name “Yazesh” (means: praise and benediction in middle Persian language).
Meybod, one of the first sedentism areas in the world, located in the north of Yazd city.
People living here were the followers of monotheism from a long time ago. The city was located near the “Save” sea in the past.
In 2018 they called the city, “the Zilo (kind of pileless carpet) town”.
Meybod’s attractions are: Jamiah mosque of Meybod, Narenj (Narin) castle, Carvaserai, Bashniqan castle, Meybod’s ice house, Pigeon House and the downtown tower and gate.
It’s a central yard mosque built in the costume style of Yazd’s architecture. The material of Jamia mosque of Meybod are: clay and mud. As this mosque goes back to the first years of Islamic architecture in Iran, you can see minimum of embellishments in It. And just the outer surface of the dome and the front view of the aisles are decorated with bricks.
You can see a small mosque called “Haji Hasanali” with a shabistan on the North East side of Jame mosque yard; and also, another mosque is on the North West side of the yard. the name of this second mosque is “Hasani”.
During Muzaffarids period, the castle’s application was to be a local refuge. The material of Narenj castle is clay, which that shows the castle goes back to a long time ago. Unfortunately some parts of it were destroyed during time.
The original castle was built in four floors on Galeen hill, the citadel is located on the top of the hill and each floor overlooks the other floor. It seems that upper floors of the building have been reconstructed; and belong to the Islamic era. There were some deep ditches surrounding the castle which some of them are gardens now.
Abarkuh is an ancient city located in the way of Yazd-Shiraz. Zagros mountains surround the West and South side of the city. According to historian’s writings the city is even older than Yazd. The only reason of development in this city is the fact that it was on the way of Silk road. People used to stop here or “Isfand Abad” village for one or two days and then continue to their journey.
The old city of Abarkuh was a small city on the slope of a mountain; and due to this reason they called it “Barkuh” (meaning by the side of mountain). After a while, people built the new city in the desert and that’s the Abarkuh we know of now.“Hamdallah Mostawfi”
If anyone chooses Sourmagh or Dehbid road, still can see the relics and ruins of the old city in the location that Mostawfi has mentioned.
Abarkuh includes 12 small villages. The villages are named after 12 month of the year.
There are many tourism attractions in the city such as : A 4500 years old cypress, Ali dome, Clay ice house, Jamia mosque of Abarkuh, Solat’s house, Shahrasb castle, Tizak castle and Azizoldin Nasafi’s tomb.
Ali dome is the most exquisite building left from Seljuq synasty. It is built on a square stool with an octagonal plan and the material is stone and mortar.
This place was originally the tomb of Shams al-dawla Deylami; and they built it under the order of his child, Firouzan.
There are three rows of muqarnas under the dome on the surface of the walls. And also there are two epicraphs in Kufic, one under one of muqarnas rows and the other under the entrance.
The clay ice house of Abarkuh, belongs to Qajar dynasty. It is build on a circle plan with conical architecture, the material is clay, brick, wood and lime.The building’s height is 12 meters to prevent ices from melting and it has four main divisions: Houzeband, ice storage, shading walls and the big dome on the top of storage.
The Cypress of Abarkuh , also called the Zoroastrian Sarv, protected by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran as a national natural monument. This cypress is estimated to be between 4000-5000 years; but it is hardly possible to tell the exact age of the tree.
One of the few cypress I have seen in Iran is the beautiful tall cypress of Abarkuh like a green cascade, descends from the sky to the green earth. It calls you like a green light house to the port of the desert sea and luminous sun.
The Cypress of Abarkuh with 25 meters height is likely the oldest or second-oldest living thing in Asia.
Some myths say the tree was first planted by Zoroaster; and some other say it was panted by Japheth, Noah’s son.