Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province is one of the provinces of Iran and it’s capital is Shahrekord city. This province is one of the mountainous parts of the central plateau of Iran. Isfahan limits the province from the North and East and Khuzestan province from the West. Also Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces from the South and Lorestan province from the Northwest surround this province. Lori Bakhtiari, Persian and Qashqai Turkish languages are common among the inhabitants here. The average height in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari is about 2153 meters; and that is why people say the province is the roof of Iran!
The name Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari refers to the two parts of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari region.
Chaharmahal was a rural part between Isfahan and the Bakhtiari region. Bakhtiari region has been and is the nomadic place of the great Bakhtiari tribe for a long time.
The Bakhtiari region of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari is actually the tropical part of the Bakhtiari tribe, which is mostly nomadic
Chaharmahal region has an ancient proposal. According to the earliest pottery and stone tools discovered on the ancient hills and ancient historical monuments of Hafshejan, the province dates back to the seventh millennium BC and represents the 9000-year history of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari. So while visiting this place be ready to face historical monuments.
The present Bakhtiari land has been inhabited by various human groups for thousands of years. Natural resources and facilities such as water, forests, pastures, good rainfall, abundant catchments and valleys suitable for agriculture, had made this land one of the best habitats and gathering places for human groups in the past. And if you are looking for hiking and camping in nature, don’t forget your camping equipment!
Hafshejan is one of the ancient cities of Iran located in the central part of Shahrekord city. This city is located 15 km Southwest of Shahrekord at the foot of Jahanbin mountain range. Due to it’s location on the central slopes of Jahanbin Mountain and it’s proximity to important historical monuments of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, this city has a suitable and important position in the region.
Cheshmeh Zane Promenade or Hafeshjan spring promenade is located at the foot of Jahanbin mountain range. This place is 2 km from Hafshjan and 20 km from Shahrekord. Every year on Nature Day (13th of Farvardin/1st of August), more than 10,000 people visit the Cheshmeh Zeneh promenade. This promenade is one of the most important tourist attractions near Shahrekord. It’s mineral water and overturned tulips are among it’s most important features.
Atabkan Mosque is one of the sights of Shahrekord, located in the old and historical context of the city. This mosque, as it’s name suggests, belongs to the Atabakans of Greater Lor in the early seventh century AH who ruled in this place.
Atabakan Mosque is architecturally built in the style of early Islamic mosques. The mosque is about 800 years old. And we can say it is the oldest historical building and the oldest mosque in Shahrekord. During the Safavid period they renovated the mosque. After that, again they renovated the mosque during the Qajar and Pahlavi periods too. Atabkan Mosque is also famous by other names such as Imam Sadegh Mosque.
This mosque, which has seen many historical periods, is still able to preserve its original architecture and original composition after 800 years of its history.
Still many people in Shahrekord consider Atabkan Mosque for their prayers and in addition to that, they hold various ceremonies there. Travelers and tourists still visit this mosque, which has the style of early Islamic mosques.
Bardeh Castle is located in Ben city and Bardeh village, located 40 km from Shahrekord. This historical monument belongs to the Qajar period. It is the only fortress that the Khans of the Chaharlang tribe left in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Two brothers named Mohammad Hassan Khan and Darab Khan built this fortress. According to the will of Mohammad Hassan Khan, he asked his children to complete and decorate the castle. But no one ever carried out this will.
The castle has four towers, a square plan and an inverted symmetrical construction pattern. They’ve built four circular towers at the four corners of the building connected to it. The Eastern towers had a defensive aspect and the Western towers were in the upper part of the residence. The materials used in the building are clay, brick and stone.
Multiplicative arches cover the ceilings of the basements, stables, and stalls; and wooden beams cover the ceilings of the living rooms. The main gate is in the middle of the West side of the building. And this gate which divides the building into two parts: North and South. The material of this gate is brick; and it’s exterior is arched. In the construction of the gate, they used simple brickwork decorations and there are two stone platforms on both sides.
Helen plain is the name of a beautiful protected area in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. This beutiful place is located 110 km from Shahrekord and 20 km from Nagan city. This area has an area of about 40,000 hectares, of which 30,000 hectares are oak forests. In terms of country divisions, this plain is located within the cities of Lordegan, Kiar and Ardal. A mountainous region with high impassable walls and deep and watery valleys.
The climate of the region is cold and semi-humid in Winter and hot and semi-dry in Summer. Karun, Armand and Doplan rivers are important water areas in the region. There are also several springs in this area.
This plain takes it’s name from the mountain of the same name located in this area. Helen was an American nurse who married a Bakhtiari doctor named Abolghasem Bakhtiari and came to Iran in 1931. She moved with her husband to the Bakhtiari tribe to treat patients. The mountain in the area is probably named after the philanthropist nurse for her efforts.
Sar Agha Seyyedd is a tourist village with steps in Koohrang city. This village is known as Zagros’s Masuleh! In addition to it’s high antiquity and historical context, this village is very popular among tourists.
Sar Agha Seyyed is only accessible in the six months of Spring and Summer; and it’s inhabitants spend the cold months of the year behind a fence of snow without any connection to the outside world.
With the arrival of spring, nature and road workers shake hands and break this fence. And in the Spring, the view of the fresh forage stacks for the winter food is spectacular from a high angle. In May and June, nomads who enter Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari from the tropical regions of Khuzestan pass through the village of Sar Agha Seyyed. You can capture the most spectacular scenes in this time.