Nasir ol-Molk Mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques in Shiraz, which dates back to the Qajar period. This mosque is located in a neighborhood that used to belong to the Qavam family. Today, this lovely mosque, which is also famous as the Pink Mosque, is one of the most popular sights in Shiraz city and is very popular among domestic and foreign tourists.
Nasir ol molk mosque is one of the beautiful and magnificent historical monuments of Shiraz from the Qajar period. Comparing to other mosques, including the Vakil Mosque or the New Jame Mosque of Shiraz, the size of this building is not so large; but in terms of architecture, it is so beautiful and elegantly built that we can consider it as one of the masterpieces of architecture and tiling of the Qajar period. The stunning tilework and stone capitals of this mosque are actually an adaptation of the Vakil Mosque.
The mosque was built by the order of “Mirza Hassan Ali”, also know as “Nasir ol molk”. He was the ruler of Fars province at that time and famous for his righteousness. If you look at the inscriptions of the pink mosque, you’ll see the name of Mohammad Hassan Memar and Mirza Reza Kashigar. These people were the architect and tile worker of the mosque during the 11 years of it’s construction. Of course during this 11 years the pink mosque wasn’t completely constructed! And they planted the famous colorful windows of it later.
When you enter the mosque, one of the things that might get your attention is the beautiful tile work of this masterpiece. In addition to the exquisite patterns of the tile work in Nasir ol molk, it’s special pink color is also very recognizable. The reputation of this pink color is the reason that people also call Nasir ol molk, “The pink mosque” too.
The pink mosque has two Shabistans and some other extensions, such as it’s beautiful entrance, the pearl arch and etc.
The entrance has a large archway made from Gandmak stone and decorated with seven-colored tiles. And it’s entrance arch has a beautiful moqarnas work of seven-colored tiles. The entrance doors of this mosque are two large wooden doors. And you can see a poem by Shourideh Shirazi above on the door, engraved on marble stone.
The mosque has two porches: North and South. The porches are not alike, and the North porch is more beautiful than the South porch! The North porch has three half-arches on three sides and leads to the courtyard from the fourth side. The middle arch is a long arch, famous as the pearl arch. You can see Quranic verses and hadiths on the walls of this arch, and the date 1299 AH on the left side wall. Also, this porch has four pavilions and it’s middle roof has a decoration of moqarns work and making five bowls. There are also some woods under the bricks of the body of this arch to prevent earthquake vibration.
What made Nasir ol Molk Mosque famous among tourists is the scenes you see in the main Shabistan. All the famous colorful photos you see on facebook, instagram and etc are taken here in the Western Shabistan of Nasr ol molk mosque! The tiling works in this Shabistan are so pleasing to the eye. And if you raise your head, the decoration and architecture of the ceiling work as far as your neck pain allows, will keep your head up! The tiles are full of flowers and bushes and verses written in thul script.
The columns of the Western Shabistan are two rows of six; the number of which is reminiscent of the twelve imams of Shiite muslims. Between these beautiful columns, there are seven fountain arches that create a pleasant view. Along them, you will find the altar, the floor of which is slightly lower than the level of the nave and is paved with marble.
The decoration of this Shabistan may remind you of the Vakil Mosque, which you are right! Because in the decoration, they had a partial view of the Vakil Mosque. But the passing of light rays through colored glass multiplies the effect of these beauties! All the seven large windows of the building are covered with wooden frames and colored glass with flower designs.
The Eastern Shabistan was actually a Summer Shabistan. The inspiration for stone carving and decoration of this Shabistan was the Vakil Mosque and Moshir Mosque in Shiraz. The vault and walls of the Eastern Shabistan has a decoration of beautiful tiles; and if you look at the ceiling, you’ll see patterns such as flowers, Islamic motifs, and some verses from the Qur’an in high-quality calligraphy. The material of the floor of this Shabistan is turquoise tiles, and the floor of the altar, is marble.
The visiting hours of Nasir ol Molk Mosque are different in the two halves of the year. In the first half of the year, you can visit the mosque between 8:00 and 17:00 and in the second half of the year from 7:00 to 16:30. You can’t visit this collection on the days of Arbaeen, Tasua and Ashura, the martyrdom of Imam Ali, the death of the Prophet, the death of Imam Khomeini and the martyrdom of Imam Jafar Sadiq. If you want to take colorful pictures in Nasir ol molk, the best time for visiting would be between 8-10 A.M; and don’t forget to watch out for rainy or cloudy days!
Now that you have information about Nasir ol molk mosque, would it be the first place you eagerly visit in Shiraz?! Or you still have other favorite places to visit in this beautiful city? Let us know! And thank you for reading this article. And if you are willing to find out more, read our article about mosques in Shiraz.