Among the sights of Shiraz, the shrine of Shah Cheragh is like a bright star! Shah Cheragh (a.s.) is the brother of Imam Reza (eight Imam of Shiite muslims); and his tomb is considered the largest religious shrine in Shiraz and one of the most important religious attractions in Iran. In addition to it’s amazing architecture, Shah Cheragh mosque presents a unique masterpiece to tourists and pilgrims with it’s extremely beautiful decorations of tiles and mirrors. So that many Iranian and foreign tourists know it as one of the most beautiful mosques and tombs in Iran.
They built Shah Cheragh mosque in the 6th century AH, during the Persian Atabakan period. And in 1506 A.D Shah Ismail Safavi rebuilt this tomb; but almost 85 years after that an earthquake damaged the building to a great extent. Finally, after the victory over the Afghans and gaining Shiraz, Nader Shah Afshar restored this tomb in 1729. In addition to rebuilding the tomb, he ordered his men to hang a large chandelier under the dome which weighed about 720 shekels. The material of this gorgeous chandelier were gold and silver; but unfortunately, another earthquake damaged it in 1823. After this severe earthquake, they sold the large lantern installed under the dome of Shah Cheragh and used the money for reconstruction.
Over the years many changed have been made in this tourism attraction of Shiraz during more renovations. The architecture of this shrine is very beautiful and spectacular, and it’s tiles and mirrors are really amazing.
This mausoleum has four thrones on four sides of the shrine and there is a mosque on it’s west side. The silver shrine of the shrine is located under the dome in the Shahneshin section. The courtyard has two main entrance doors on the south and north side of the shrine, with a large fountain pond built in the middle and beautiful trees around it. The shrine of Shah Cheragh (AS) is in the west of the yard; and the shrine of his brother is in the northeast of the yard. You can see two-story rooms around the courtyard, which have marvelous foreheads and front windows decorations with beautiful tiles.
The tiling on the shrine’s doors and inlays on the ceilings are very beautiful and amazing. There are beautiful rooms around the courtyard, which give a special effect to this space. Also, the mirroring of the interior of Shah Charagh mosque is very eye-catching and it’s lighting is very elegant and beautiful. The first shrine of Shah Cheragh complex was made of silver during the reign of Fath Ali Shah, and the second shrine was made of silver in 1962. The atmosphere of this place is very spiritual and relaxing.
The porch, originally had wooden roof and pillars. But, termites destroyed them overtime; so they used iron pillars to frame them. You can also see a small porch in front of the upper chambers of the building and the courtyard of the shrine, which has attractive tiles.
Until the period of Al-Buyeh, this tomb was unknown to people and there were residential houses around it. In one of these houses, there lived an old woman who, late every Friday night, saw a light on top of a pile of dirt until dawn. This happened on several Friday nights and this made the old woman think that this place is probably the burial place of one of a holy person. So she decided to inform the ruler of the time.
It was difficult for the courtiers to believe this; but the ruler agreed to visit the woman’s house the next Friday. He went to the house and told the woman to inform him as soon as the lamp is lit. So the woman shouted: “King! lamp.” when she saw the light. King translates and “Shah”, and lamp as “Cheragh”‘; so they named this place “Shah Cheragh“, as the woman shouted.