Tehran, the most populous city in Western Asia and the second largest metropolitan area in the middle east.
The capital has been moved for several times during the history of Iran and Tehran is the 32nd capital city. It was first chosen by the king of Qajar dynasty, Agha Mohammad Khan, in 1796. October 6 is the day Iran was officially known as the capital city of Iran and If you check the calendar, It is marked as Tehran’s day. On this day you can buy cinema tickets with 50% discount and visit all museums and monuments located in Tehran for free.
Large scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920’s and Tehran has been a destination for mass migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century.
Tehran is home to many historical collections and beautiful landmarks such as Niavaran complex, Sa’dabad complex, Golestan place, Azadi tower, Tabiaat bridge and Milad tower.
It is a 300 hectare complex which more than 180 hectares of it are covered by natural forests.
The complex was built by Qajar and Pahlavi monarchs, located in Greater Tehran, Shemiran.
The complex was built in Qajar dynasty and it was the residence of Qajar kings during the summer – quarts.
Reza Shah of the Pahlavi Dynasty resided there in the 1920’s and His son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, moved there in the 1970’s. The latest building which was built in this complex is “Leila palace” named after the youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The complex became a public museum after the 1970’s revolution.
Shahvand palace, Also known as the Green palace was built by Mirza Ja’afar Kashi in 1301. It took 6 years to complete the palace. It is located in North west of Sa’dabad complex and it was residence of Reza Pahlavi. The outward appearance was built with marble stones and that’s why some people know it as the Marble palace. Hossein Behzad have illuminated the walls and the beautiful fact that you can see in this palace is that the pattern of the rug which is located in the center of the hall is harmonized with the ceiling’s motif.
White palace or Nation palace is the biggest palace in the whole complex. It was used as Mohammadreza and Farah Pahlavi’s Summer-quart residence. The outward color of the palace has given the name “White palace” to it. The appearance was built in Iranian-Roman style. There are some paintings around the first floor’s balcony with the content of Iranian mythology, Shahnameh.
Azadi tower, also known as Shahyad tower, is a memorial building, built under the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah, king of the Pahlavi dynasty, to mark the 2,500th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran.
This monument is located on Azadi square in Tehran and it was built by Hossein Amanat in 1971.
He had won an award do design the tower in 1966. According to an interview he had with BBC World News, he was inspired to design the tower in the way that “it starts from the base and moves up towards the sky” because he felt that Iran “should be moving towards a higher level”.
The building was planned to be named Darvāze-ye Kuroš (“Gate of Cyrus”), but Bahram Farahvashi, a scholar and professor of ancient Iranian languages who worked with the Council of Celebrations, came up with the officially designated name of the structure, Šahyād Āryāmehr. It was named Shahyad (means: (“Shah’s Memorial”) in honor of the Shah (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi). It was opened to public in 1972 and after 1979 Revolution the building’s name changed to Azadi tower.
Milad tower or Tehran tower built in 2000 in order to be a new symbol for Tehran city instead of Azadi tower. With 435 meters tall, it is the sixth-tallest tower and the 24th-tallest freestanding structure in the world. Milad Tower was part of the Shahestan Pahlavi project, a vast development for a new government and commercial center for Tehran, that was designed in the 1970’s but never materialized, except for the Tower.
The construction of the tower was commenced in 1997, but it was built in 2000 and it took about 7 years to finish. The tower was officially opened in October 7, 2008. It is consisted of five main parts:
The lobby structure consists of six floors. The first three floors consist of 63 trade units, 11 food courts, a cafeteria, and a commercial products exhibition which is supposed to be about 260 square meters .
Milad Tower has an octagonal base, symbolizing traditional Iranian architecture.