Shiraz is one of the most famous cities in Iran; and also, one the most popular cities among tourists. The city has a perfect weather and is full of interesting sights to visit. Lots of heavenly gardens, alluring mosques and magnificent historical sights such as Persepolis and Karim Khan Arg. In this article, we are going to introduce you The most famous mosques of Shiraz. So, keep reading If you love Iranian Islamic architecture.
Mosques are one the most important elements in Islam; and if you take a close look at Islamic countries, you can see mosques are in the center of attention. Beautiful mosques such as Nasir-al molk mosque and the tombs of several Imams in Shiraz have shaped the social and economic structure of the city over the centuries.
The pink mosque or Nasir-Al molk mosque is the most famous mosque in Shiraz and also, a very well-known tourism attraction in this city. It took 12 years to build the mosque and it goes back to a the 18th century. Tile works, windows and the style of this mosque make us to say that it is unique in every way! Nasir-Al molk is a real work of art and a masterpiece of Iranian Islamic architecture. The pink mosque is the most influential base in Islamic culture and school. And with the arrival of Islam in Iran, the role of mosques has become more colorful and has had a religious use.
Nasir Al-Molk Mosque is one of the most antique mosques in Iran; specially from the point of tiling and of construction, specifically Mogharnas. Due to the colorful glasses of the windows and also, the pink color of tiles, Nasir-Al molk mosque was always in the center of attention. This is the reason that people also call it the Pink mosque.
The mosque has one main entrance; and the other two entrances are connected to the South alley and the shrine next to Nasir-Al molk mosque. The main entrance of the mosque has seven-colored tiles with many decorations of Shirazian lily.
The courtyard of Nasir-Al molk mosque mosque is in the shape of a rectangle. In the middle of it, you can see a 4.5 * 16.5 meters pond in front of the mosque porch.
The mosque has two porches: the North porch, which is eight meters high; and the South porch, which has no special use and was created to be symmetrical with the North porch. The arch on the south porch has lost it’s symmetry due to the presence of two doors, one inside the small room and the other leading to the minarets.
There are two Shabistan (naves) in Nasir-Al molk mosque; one in the West and the other in the East.
The East one is a winter Shabistan facing the qibla. It also has use in very hot summer weather; because the design is in a way to prevent direct sunlight. The Western Shabistan of Nasir-Al molk mosque is one of the most beautiful Shabistans of all mosques in Iran. The decoration are tiles and bricks with paintings of roses; but, when they renovated it about 70 years ago, covered the roses with turquoise tiles.
The main material of Nasir-Al Molk mosque is brick; but the architect has brought tiles to avoid the uniformity of the wall. In the Western Shabistan, you can see a fovea in the wooden body of the Shabistan that is actually the beautiful altar of the mosque. The whole roof, inside and outside has pink tiles and you can see the verses of the Qur’an on them as a decoration. All mosque’s outer and inner surfaces are tiled; and it’s roof has Mogharnas, similar to the Northern arch.
Vakil Mosque or Soltani mosque is located on the western side of the entrance of Vakil Bazaar. It was built during Zand Dynasty and was constructed for public use. So, ordinary people could do their daily religious duties and say their prayers in here at that time. Different parts of the mosque include the entrance, a corridor, a yard, a large seraglio, a winter seraglio, an altar, an Islamic marble pulpit, two verandas, and a pearl arch.
Shahcheragh is The tomb of Mir Seyyed Ahmad, nicknamed Shahcheragh, the son of Musa Kazem, is the seventh Shiite Imam. This building goes back to the 13th century. The mirror work of this mosque is marvelous; they even surround the tile works! We can say that mirrors are the main element in Shahcheragh mosque.
Shahcheragh courtyard has two main entrance doors, which are located on the South and North sides of the shrine. The entrances of the mosque are tiled; and after passing through them, we enter the vast courtyard of the shrine. In the middle of the courtyard, there is a large fountain pond and trees planted around the pond. The shrine of Shahcheragh is located on the West side of the courtyard and the shrine of Seyyed Mir Mohammad (Shah Cheragh’s brother) is located on the Northeastern side of the courtyard. Apart from the two main doors, there are two other side doors, one to the Bazaar and the other to the Atiq Grand Mosque. Also a gate-like entrance enters Shahcheragh Bazaar from the North side of the courtyard.
Atiq mosque, also known as Adineh (Friday) mosque, is the oldest mosque of Shiraz. The primary building of Atiq mosque goes back to the 8th century. But later, in the 15th century by the order of Abu Ishaq Inju a construction was built in the middle of the mosque; this construction is named “Khodaykhaneh”, and is a place for keeping Quran and also reading it.
This mosque is the first religious center in Shiraz, which apart from its religious function, also had a socio-political role, and for this reason it has 6 entrances on different sides. The most important entrance of this mosque is the Northern one. This entrance renovated during the Safavid era.
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