Yazd city, known as the clay town or the city of wind catchers, located in the middle of Iran’s dry plateau. Since 2017, the historical city of Yazd is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian architecture. It is also very well known for its Zoroastrian fire temples, cisterns, canats (underground channels), yakhchals (coolers), Persian handicrafts, handwoven cloth (Persian termeh), silk weaving, Persian cotton candy, and its time-honored confectioneries.
Yazd is the first clay town and the second historical city of the world after Venice.
The civilization was concentrated in four areas: Mehriz and Fahraj, Yazd, Rostaq and Meybod and Ardakan.
Mehriz is a small village located on Yazd – Kerman road. It was one of the civilization centers in the past.
Historians believe that the city has gotten it’s name from Khosrow I ‘s daughter’s name, Mehrnegar.
The garden belonged to a wealthy merchant, Mr. Pahavanpour and it belongs to Qajar era.
It shows the change from the old way of Iranian gardening to the modern way. The architecture is a combination of center courtyard and koshki architecture.
However the garden was built during Qajar dynasty, the embellishment of the buildings in it are in Zand style.
Pahlavanpour garden was recognized as UNESCO world heritage site in 2011.
Actually it’s a complex including castle, jamia mosque, cistern, hussainiah, public bath and clay houses. Houses in the complex were residential , but people just used them in times of danger.
The castle is surrounded by a deep fosse and there are nine circle towers and two palisades in the complex.
The entrance to castle is only available from the South side, it has a beautiful wooden door decorated by studs and the arch is decorated with two stereoscope carts with geometrical embellishments.
The fortress was constructed during the Sassanid era, sometime between the 3rd and 7th centuries AD and is made of adobe. Its defences are two concentric walls, the outer wall being six meters in height and the inner being nine meters tall. In addition to the walls a moat was also constructed. The structure contains 480 rooms, each with a separate door and key in order to storage expensive assets.
A small village located in 30 kilometers west of Yazd city on the way of Bafq-Yazd.
Fahraj is well-known for it’s mosque which is the oldest mosque left from the beginning of Islamic era in Iran.
It has three ellipse opening shabistan, the arch is made of plaster but the walls are built with clay. plaster decorations are similar to Ctesiphone palace, the interesting feature of this mosque is the plaster-moulding on the Eastern walls which are the exact pattern of the doors in Sassanid era.
One of the biggest cities of Yazd province and the capital city of Ardakan County, Yazd Province.
The word Ardakan is consist of two words, Ard (means: Holy) and Kan (means: Land).
One the most beautiful attractions of this city is Siahkuh desert, which is the most important desert in Yazd province.
The desert is shaped like a horseshoe, located on the North side of Ardakan between two mountains of Siahkuh and Herisht.
Pirre Hersht and Chak Chak both built on the mountain are two famous Zoroastrian shrines in Ardakan and every year attracts a lot of people.