Engraving (Ghalamzani):The arts of Iran are one of the richest art heritages in world history and encompasses many traditional disciplines including architecture, painting, literature, music, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stonemasonry. There is also a very vibrant Iranian modern and contemporary art scene, as well as cinema and photography. For a history of Persian visual art up to the early 20th century, see Persian art, and also Iranian architecture.
Engraving (Ghalamzani) is the art of carving superb designs on various metals such as copper, brass,silver and gold. Isfahan is the main center for this handicraft. The artistic work of this course is made by artists who are the glorious and undeniable indication of Previous metal work of Iranian handicraft and Isfahan , in particular .
The historical discoveries belonging to the ancient times as the Sassanian ( 700AD) , the Seljuk – (100 AD) and the Safavid (1600 AD) dynasties indicate a few of the outstanding metal work periods . Resuming this art is due to the diligent attempts of the Late Ostad Mohammad Oraizi and the Late Ostad Mohammad Taghi Zufan during the past eighty years , which has bean led to creating tens of outstanding and distinguished metal engravings on the one hand and training the new generation on the other. Metalworking is a science, art, hobby, industry and trade.
Its historical roots span cultures, civilizations, and millennia. Metalworking has evolved from the discovery of smelting various ores, producing malleable and ductile metal useful for tools and adornments.
Engraving (Ghalam-zani) is a term, for artistic metalworking, by hammering gold, silver, copper (or other materials), engraving, Repoussé and chasing to form minute detailed reliefs or small engraved patterns. Art engraving has a long history in Iran back to more than several thousand years ago.
Engraving(Galamzani) is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it. The result may be a decorated object in itself, as when silver, gold, steel, or glass are engraved, or may provide an intaglio printing plate, of copper or another metal, for printing images on paper as prints or illustrations; these images are also called engravings. Wood engraving is a form of relief printing and is not covered in this article.
The introductory periods are all similar in the steps above. First, selecting the metal.Then tar covering of behind the metal to absorb the shock of the hammer. After that , it is time to make designations on the material . And at last, engraving with different sorts of tools whose result will be decorating the metal with geometric and miniature designs which will be created through engraving, grazing or pressing the metal surface.
The artistic movement of the engraver s hand and the harmonized blows of the hammer and engraving tool will be finally led to creating a unique job. However, the decorations and embellishments are going to be performed on material which has already been shaped with hammer and anvil by another skillful artist. Metalworking masters are those who work with different sorts of metal sheets shaping them in to beautiful dishes, vases, boxes, samovars, and etc. and preparing them to be engraved. Nowadays, due to the hard job and old getting of the masters, the preparation of the metal dishes is sometimes getting performed by machinery.
The intricate process of creating each and every piece requires extensive skill, talent, and patience extended by the artists. Numerous tools and materials, such as chisels, hand-made instruments, hammers, etc. are utilized by the artisans to emboss and engrave the most detailed and complex of designs on the various types of metals. Different scenes from nature, animal and human shapes, flower and plant patterns, hunting grounds, etc., are some of the many aesthetic images hand-portrayed and carved on many kinds of Engraving (Ghalamzani)pieces.Application of heat, Waxes, dyes, sanding and polishing materials are some of the other processes used in creating these masterpieces.The enchanting Engraving (Ghalamzani) handicrafts are made in the shape of decorative trays, plates, vases, pitchers, etc. This magnificent art has a long history dating back to more than several thousand years ago. Excavated Engraving (Ghalamzani) artifacts belonging to the Sassanian, Saljoughi, and Safavid eras are currently displayed at various museums across the world.
Engraving (Ghalamzani) is Available in most of regions in Iran particularly Isfahan, Shiraz