In the evenings music is played and people sing till midnight, to entertain the visitors and tourists, and to sooth the weary gardeners and their families. The festival is truly worth visiting.
The city of Kashan, which lies in a desert at the eastern foot of the Central Iranian Plateau, 220 kilometers south of Tehran, was once a popular vacation spot for Safavid Kings.
The city has found fame for its many traditional mansions including the Tabatabaei House, Boroujerdi House, Ameri House and Abbasi House.
The most delicate of Persian arts and crafts have been employed in the design and decoration of these mansions. The 10th century Kashan Bazaar with its magnificent lightwells, the heavenly Fin Garden with its Safavid and Qajar bathhouses and the Jame Mosque of Kashan are some of the city’s major attractions.
Kashan is also popular for its rosewater, In Ordibehesht (Mid May to early June), an annual festival of Rose and Rose Water is being held in this city , which is the product of Qamsar, Niyasar and Barzak, smaller towns of Kashan province, and the three main producers of rosewater (Golab) for over 800 years.
Iran has many exciting ceremony with long history. You can find Best quality of rose water in the world in Ghamsar, a small village close to Tehran capital. The ceremony takes place throughout Kashan county, in Ghamsar, Niasar and other villages.
During this event, that annually attracts over a million tourists, the juice of red flowers planted in many flower gardens in these areas is prepared by the traditional method of an evaporation system.
Nowadays many cities host this ceremony but Qamsar in Kashan is the most famous city that attracts many tourists from all around Iran and foreign countries to visit this festival.
How made rosewater (golab)
Golab has great smell and uses in Iranian religious sites and ceremonies, Iranian cuisines and drinks. It acts like a medicine for relaxation, too.
The process is fascinating; you pick the flowers from rose gardens then put them in huge copper pots add some water fast the leads equipped by pipes and heat the pot. After the roses boiled in water, the vapor will cross the pipes and is led to another cooler pot. The cool condition changes the vapor to rosy water which is Golab!
In spring, The Ceremony of Rosewater Distillation, flower picking (Mohammadi roses) and extraction of rosewater (Golabgiri), starts when rose buds begin to open. In this season, the whole town is filled with the aroma of roses and rosewater. Before distillation people starts collecting Mohammadi roses and collect their petals to put into the copper pots. Then the pots are put on the oven made from bricks or stones and mud.
Golab ( rosewater ) is a fragrant distillate of rose which in Iran is used in different traditional dishes to flavor them or consumed as a religious perfume as well. Although there are many modern manufactures constructed to produce rosewater but it is still made traditionally in kashan and around kashan with distillation equipment containing large copper pots with special pipes to obtain herb hydrosol and special oven made by bricks.