In vitro fertilization (IVF) is procedures used to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from your ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs are implanted in your uterus. One cycle of IVF takes about two weeks.IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology.
The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner’s sperm. Or IVF may involve eggs, sperm or embryos from a known or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier — a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus might be used.Your chances of having a healthy baby using IVF depend on factors, such as your age and the cause of infertility. In addition, IVF can be time-consuming and expensive. If more than one spleen is applied to your womb, IVF can lead to pregnancy with more than one fetus. (multiple pregnancy).
Why ivf done?
You can try out more invasive options before IVF, the way sperm is placed directly in the womb during ovulation. IVF can be performed as an initial treatment for infertility in women over 40 years of age. It can also be done if you have certain conditions. For example, IVF may be an option if you or your partner:
- Ovulation disorders. If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.
- Endometriosis occurs when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.
- Previous tubal sterilization or removal. If you’ve had tubal ligation — a type of sterilization in which your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy — and want to conceive, IVF may be an alternative to tubal ligation reversal.
- Premature ovarian failure. Is the loss of normal ovarian function before age 40. If your ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly.Fallopian tube damage or blockage. Or blockage makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.
- Uterine fibroids. Fibroids are benign tumors in the wall of the uterus and are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg.
- Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions. If you’re about to start cancer treatment such as radiation or chemotherapy that could harm your fertility, IVF for fertility preservation may be an option. Women can have eggs harvested from their ovaries and frozen in an unfertilized state for later use. Or the eggs can be fertilized and frozen as embryos for future use.
- Unexplained infertility. Unexplained infertility means no cause of infertility has been found despite evaluation for common causes.
- A genetic disorder. If you or your partner is at risk of passing on a genetic disorder to your child, you may be candidates for preimplantation genetic diagnosis a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are harvested and fertilized, they’re screened for certain genetic problems, although not all genetic problems can be found. Embryos that don’t contain identified problems can be transferred to the uterus.
- Impaired sperm production or function. Below-average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If semen abnormalities are found, your partner might need to see a specialist to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns.
For whom pregnancy poses a serious health risk or Women who don’t have a functional uterus might choose IVF using another person to carry the pregnancy (gestational carrier). In this case, the woman’s eggs are fertilized with sperm, but the resulting embryos are placed in the gestational carrier’s uterus( some one else).
IVF in Iran
Iran For a long time has been leading in medical and medical treatment. Iranian institutions are pioneering research in pregnancy and IVF. Health centers in the capital city Tehran , Esfahan, Shiraz, and Yazd have a long history in infertility treatment and research. These centers are well-equipped and ready to offer their services to needy patients. Services are including, gender selection, stem cell biology and technology, reproductive biomedicine, endocrinology & female fertility, embryology, reproductive genetics, epidemiology & reproductive health, reproductive imaging, etc.
IVF cost in Iran
Egg fertilization in the laboratory is costly. Costs are varied and depending on recommended medications, also depending on what treatment needs to be done. The price of each cilinic varies from one another.Main costs include pre-implantation diagnosis (PGD) costs and surgery and post-surgery cares. Some couples need an ovule or a donation that increases the cost of treatment.
The cost of IVF in the UK is approximately around £5,000 per cycle of treatment or more. In some countries, the price will drastically increase. The cost of IVF in Iran is sometimes 1/3 (or less) compared with institutes in the region or western countries.