Cardiology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.
Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians who specialize in cardiology.
Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery. Cardiology is the study and treatment of disorders of the heart and the blood vessels. A person with heart disease or cardiovascular disease may be referred to a cardiologist. Cardiology is a branch of internal medicine.
A cardiologist is not the same as a cardiac surgeon Cardiology in Iran consists of the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders related to the heart. Heart surgeries are among many various corrective treatments that tend to different conditions of the heart and damage caused by a number of diseases.
Heart surgeries (cardiac or cardiothoracic surgery) includes many different types of surgical procedures to correct various conditions and damages caused by disease, heart attack, and strokes.
Although the cardiovascular system is inextricably linked to blood, cardiology is relatively unconcerned with hematology and its diseases. Some obvious exceptions that affect the function of the heart would be blood tests (electrolyte disturbances, troponins), decreased oxygen-carrying capacity (anemia, hypovolemic shock), and coagulopathies.
Iranian cardiology specialists hold highest scientific levels in assessing and treatment of cardiac disorders and provide medical services of high quality in performing very advanced heart surgeries, many of whom are globally renowned for the complex operations.
Iranian hospital, have seen brilliant records in cardiology and according to just one hospital’s record, out of 25 thousand pacemaker surgeries and angioplasties performed in the past 10 years, not a single surgery-related death has been reported.
Iranian specialists successfully keep up with the rapid global advancement in the cardiovascular treatments. Iran is currently among the top 10 countries in treating cardiovascular conditions (ranking number one in the middle east region).
Because of the high quality of cardio medical care provided by these hospitals, every year, thousands of patients from neighboring countries and even all across Europe and the US seek treatment in Iran. The specialists with the help of high-end and modern facilities and hospital equipment are capable of performing sophisticated heart surgeries with the best results.
When would I need a cardiologist?
Cardiology deals with heart health.
If a person has symptoms of a heart condition, their physician may refer them to a cardiologist.
Symptoms that can indicate a heart problem include:
- shortness of breath
- chest pains
- changes in heart rate or rhythm
- high blood pressure
A cardiologist can carry out tests for a heart murmur or an abnormal heart rhythm.
They often treat patients who have had a heart attack, heart failure, or other heart problems. They help make decisions about heart surgery, heart catheterization, and angioplasty and stenting.
Heart diseases that a cardiologist can help with include:
- atrial fibrillation
- congenital heart disease
- coronary heart disease
- congestive heart disease
- high blood cholesterol and triglycerides
- ventricular tachycardia
- high blood pressure, or hypertension
The cardiologist can give advice about preventing heart disease.