Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics, also spelled orthopaedic[s], is the branch of surgeryconcerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.
a branch of medicine concerned with the correction or prevention of deformities, disorders, or injuries of the skeleton and associated structures (such as tendons and ligaments) For over 35 years, Orthopedics has been the preferred choice of orthopedic surgeons for clinically relevant information. A bimonthly, peer-reviewed journal, Orthopedics offers clinically valuable, original articles covering all aspects of adult and pediatric orthopedic surgery and treatment. Edited by Robert D’Ambrosia, MD, and an Editorial Board of over 100 orthopedists, Orthopedics is the source to turn to for guidance in your practice.
Orthopedic in iran
Many patients come to Iran from different parts of the world to seek orthopedics care and surgeries. Orthopedics in Iran, hospitals and facilities present some of the most advanced technologies in this fields and state-of-the-art and orthopedic equipment.
Patients with joint diseases, knee arthritis, and weight gain related joint problems can take advantage of high quality Orthopedic care services such as knee surgeries and treatment of bone fractures. Iran’s professional doctors and surgeons with high medical knowledge and experience, are at par with highly advanced countries in this field.
Iranian Orthopedic Surgeons Association, established in 1973, is one of the oldest associations in the country expanded after the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Currently, over 850 orthopedists in Iran are members of this association.
Orthopedics in Iran is a specialty of immense breadth and variety. Orthopedic surgeons treat a wide variety of diseases and conditions, including: fractures and dislocations, torn ligaments, sprains, and strains, tendon injuries, pulled muscles, and bursitis, ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain, and scoliosis, knock knees, bow legs, bunions, and hammer toes, arthritis and osteoporosis, one tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy, club foot and unequal leg length, abnormalities of the fingers and toes and growth abnormalities.
Orthopedic surgeries include 7 items:
1- Knee 2- Hip 3- Foot and Ankle 4- Shoulder 5- Elbow, Wrist and Hand 6- Orthopedic Spine 7- Pediatric orthopedics
Total knee Replacement
If your knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury, it may be hard for you to perform simple activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. You may even begin to feel pain while you are sitting or lying down.
Total hip replacement
Whether you have just begun exploring treatment options or have already decided to undergo hip replacement surgery, this information will help you understand the benefits and limitations of total hip replacement. This article describes how a normal hip works, the causes of hip pain, what to expect from hip replacement surgery, and what exercises and activities will help restore your mobility and strength, and enable you to return to everyday activities. Total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty or THR) is a surgical operation and treatment option in which the damaged bone (joint) and cartilage is replaced by a prosthetic component, that is, a hip prosthesis. Total hip replacement is one of the most successful and usual procedures in orthopedic surgery which started in 1960s. Most patients who experience total hip replacement are age 50 to 80
Total ankle replacement
Total ankle replacement (also called ankle arthroplasty) is a surgical option for patients with arthritis of the ankle. This operation can relieve pain and maintain motion in the arthritic ankle joint and is an alternative to arthrodesis (ankle fusion) which can relieve pain but eliminates motion in the joint. Although it does not have the same long-term track record of hip or knee replacement, shorter-term studies on ankle replacement look very promising. total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) also known as total ankle replacement is a surgery that use to treat ankle arthritis and replace the damaged surfaces of ankle joint with artificial implants. Ankle replacement mostly done when u are under general anesthesia. Your surgeon will make incision to expose joint. Then the doctor will remove damaged bone and replace with some metal and plastic parts. After surgery you need to stay in hospital at least for one night.
Total shoulder replacement
Although shoulder joint replacement is less common than knee or hip replacement, it is just as successful in relieving joint pain.
Shoulder replacement surgery was first performed in the United States in the 1950s to treat severe shoulder fractures. Over the years, shoulder joint replacement has come to be used for many other painful conditions of the shoulder, such as different forms of arthritis.
Total shoulder replacement or arthroplasty, refers to a procedure for treating arthritis or degenerative joint disease of the shoulder joint. The objective of shoulder replacement surgery is to relief the pain and to restore the motion and function of the joint. This procedure involves the replacement of the arthritic ball with an artificial metal ball. When conservative treatments such as medications and are unsuccessful, shoulder replacement surgery can be considered to relieve your pain.
Disc Hernia Surgery
Between each of the bones in your spine (the vertebrae) is a disk. These disks act as shock absorbers and help cushion your bones. A herniated disk is one that extends beyond the capsule containing it and pushes into the spinal canal. You can have a herniated disk anywhere along your spine, even in your neck, but it’s most likely to occur in the lower back (lumbar vertebrae). Disks are located between the bones in the spine which function to absorb shocks and support the spine. If a disk extends beyond its capsule, it is called a herniated disk. This condition can occur anywhere in the spine, but it mostly happens in the lower back. A herniated disk may occur due to various reasons such as lifting something in the wrong way or overweight. If non-surgical procedures such as pain relievers and physical therapy fail to treat this condition, surgical treatments like laminectomy and diskectomy may be recommended.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Reconstruction
The posterior cruciate ligament, or PCL, is the strongest ligament of the knee. While the anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL is injured more often than the PCL and is more commonly discussed, a torn PCL accounts for more than 20% of reported knee injuries. The ACL sits in front of the PCL location in the knee. A torn PCL is commonly missed and left undiagnosed.
The posterior cruciate ligament’s most important function is to prevent posterior translation of the knee at higher knee flexion angles. Thus, patients commonly complaining of problems with deceleration, problems going down stairs and inclines or general twisting, turning or pivoting activities.
PCL is one of the most important ligaments in the knee. Injuries to the PCL can occur in a variety of ways, including a hard blow to the shinbone or falling down on a bent knee. Double bundle PCL reconstruction has been extremely effective in restoring knee stability back to the patient both objectively with PCL stress x-rays as well as subjectively based on patients independently evaluating their outcome scores