North of Iran Destination : Mazandaran Province ( Ramsar )
Ramsar is the capital of Ramsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was Ramsar lies on the coast of the Caspian Sea.
It was also known as Sakhtsar in the past. Known as the bride of Iranian cities, it is the westernmost city in Mazandaran, which borders the Caspian Sea in the north, Tonekabon in the east and Gilan Province in the west.
The city, which connects the Caspian provinces of Gilan and Mazandaran, has Mediterranean climate with very hot summers and cool and humid winters.The native people in it are Gilaks although there are also Mazandarani people living there. They speak the Gilaki language (eastern dialect) although the style they speak has been influenced by the Mazandarani language, making it slightly different than the Gilaki (eastern dialect) spoken in Gilan.
The natives of Ramsar call their dialect “Ramsari” as its a combination of Eastern Gilaki and Royan/Western Mazandarani (Mazandarani-Gilaki dialect). They are also able to speak standard Persian, the official language of Iran. it is the westernmost county and city in Mazandaran. It borders the Caspian Sea to the north, Gilan province to the west, Qazvin Province to the south, and Tonekabon to the east.
History of the Ramsar Convention
Ramsar is the oldest of the modern global intergovernmental environmental agreements. The treaty was negotiated through the 1960s by countries and non – governmental organizations concerned about the increasing loss and degradation of wetland habitat for migratory waterbirds. It was adopted in the Iranian city of it in 1971 and came into force in 1975.
Since its adoption, the Ramsar Convention has been modified on two occasions: by a protocol (a new treaty which amends the original treaty) in December 1982, and by a series of amendments to the original treaty, known as the “Regina Amendments” of 1987.
The Ramsar Palace is one of the historic buildings and royal residences in Iran. The palace is in Ramsar, a city on the coast of the Caspian Sea.it was established on a land of 60,000 square meters in 1937.The area was a historical garden in that.The palace was used as a summer residence by Reza Shah and then by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his second spouse Sorayya Esfendiari spent their honeymoon in the palace.
Markuh castle is located in Ramsar town, Katalem town, in the route to Talarsar, and this relic was registered as one of Iran’s national relics with the registration number of 3484 in March 15th, 2001.
It is probable that its origin goes back to the Pre-Islamic eras. Markuh castle used to be a strategic castle and had a military use during the third, sixth and eight Hijri centuries. From the top levels of this place, everywhere from north to the sea, from east to Tonekabon, from west to Ramsar, and from south to Alborz mountains could be surveilled. It was used as a military site against the probable attacks of invaders.
There is a 340-staired way from the domain to reach the castle. The castle is next to the Ramsar Road to Tonekabun, on the right hand.
Javaher Deh is a village in Sakht Sar Rural District, in the Central District of Ramsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 170, in 76 families.
Javaher Deh is a beautiful village located 27 kilometers from Ramsar and at an elevation of 2000 meters in the Alborz Mountains. The village is popular because of its lush landscape, tall mountains and mineral springs. Javaher in Farsi means Jewel and this amazing and beautiful village is worthy of such name, you will be mesmerized by the beauty of this amazing place. Ramsar’s Javaher Deh is a destination for many tourists in north of the country.
This village has an exemplary nature and unique weather. Despite of high volume of tourists in Javaher Deh, people of this village have retained their local and native traditions. Javaher Deh displays several thousand years’ history with old graves and Mitra worshipers placed in it.