Karim khan zand was Iran king who was known by his nice manner and justice. he lived and ruled at 1770. he nominated Shiraz as his capital and built many structures which its fame by name of Vakil complex and it contains of bathroom, mosque, bazaar.
This complex is one of the best destination for Iran travel agencies for passengers who want to visit Iran.
Mosques In Iran Are One of the Best Places to Visit in Iran. Vakil Mosque is located on the western side of the entrance of Vakil Bazaar. The mosque was built during Zand Dynasty between 1751 and 1773 and covers an area of 8,660 meters square. The mosque constructed for public use so ordinary people could do their daily religious duties and say their prayers. Different parts of the mosque include the entrance, a corridor, a yard, a large seraglio, a winter seraglio, an altar, an Islamic marble pulpit, two verandas, and a pearl arch.
Unlike most of the mosques in Iran with four Iwans, this mosque has only two iwans which are located on the northern and southern sides of a large court. The decoration of iwans is typical colorful polychrome tiles known as seven-colored tiles which are the symbol of art and architecture of Zand Dynasty in the 18th century. The Shabestan (prayer hall) covers an area of approximately 2,700 meters square with 48 monolithic pillars carved in spirals, each with a capital of acanthus leaves.
One of the most interesting items in this mosque is its Menbar which is built out of a solid piece of green marble with 14 steps.
The plethora of exuberant ornamental floral tile work is mostly from the Qajar Dynasty when the mosque was renovated.
The mosque is open from 8:30 in the morning till 20:30 in spring and summer, and 20:00 in autumn and winter.
Vakil Bazaar was originally built in the 11th century to make Shiraz a prominent trading center for tourists and merchants as well as locals. It was completed by Atabaks of Fars and renamed after Karim Khan in the 18th century. The bazaar with beautiful architecture is a roofed bazaar with a gorgeous vaulted brick ceiling (that regulates its temperature in different seasons).
From the main entrance, different routes heading out into paths, each housing from 10 to 46 vaults, each vault with two or more shops.
Vakil Bazaar was an important trade center during the Zand Dynasty with the whole process occurred at the place, in addition, it was a safe place for merchants to store their goods. Currently, a wide range of shops is available at the bazaar, selling different types of spices, hand-woven carpets, silver works, high-quality leather, and so many other handicrafts.
One of the most interesting section of the bazaar is Saraye Moshir at the center of Vakil Bazaar which is comprised of a series of stores selling handmade jewelry and silverware. It is very popular due to its magnificent architecture with one main entrance and two floors building. All the shops are situated around a central yard with a pond in the center. The type of architecture of this place is known as an introverted method.
The last attraction to visit at this complex is Vakil Bath which was built to be used by the public. Inside the bathhouse, there are many scenes carved and marvelous stucco works depicting stories of Iran’s history, religion, and literature. The magnificent octagonal dome in the center (Sarbineh), is supported by eight stone columns. The floor of the bathhouse is covered by smooth cobblestone. However, under these stones, narrow shafts were put in place to carrying the hot water vapors and warm air in order to warm up and retain the temperature of the building!
In order to reduce heat loss, the sunken floor levels and narrow entrance ways were considered in the architecture of the bath.
The bath does not serve people with its original function. However, it is open to the public to visit status dress with traditional attire, which illustrates the process of bath-taking at the time.